Orthoses And Prostheses: What Are The Difference And Types Available?

Orthotics and orthopedic prostheses help patients to regain autonomy and mobility in their daily lives, but they differ in terms of performance

Over time, many devices such as Custom Lower Limb Leg Prosthetics for example were created to replace physiological limbs and restore autonomy, such as wheelchairs, orthoses, and orthopedic prostheses. However, each case is unique and requires specific adaptation for the patient. It is common for people to confuse the functionality of each one, even more so because “orthoses” and “prostheses” have a similar sound.

What Is The Difference Between Orthotics And Orthopedic Prostheses?

Orthoses And Prostheses

Orthotics from primecareprosthetics.com for example are devices for temporary use that allow you to align, correct or regulate a body part. They assist in a limb, organ, or tissue function to prevent deformity and compensate for functional insufficiencies caused by accidents or health problems. The aim is to provide mechanical or orthopedic assistance to the patient. Even grade glasses are considered an orthosis!

Types Of Orthoses

They can be:

External — Canes, crutches, neck braces, walkers, vests, hearing aids, contact lenses, orthodontic appliances, orthopedic insoles, knee pads, wrist braces.

Internal — Pacemaker, instruments to stabilize the spine, infusion pumps.

Dynamic Bracing

Dynamic orthoses are often confused with prostheses. They allow controlled mobility of specific joints through the application of traction, which acts by guiding movement and restricting some actions. As is the case with the Magic Arms orthosis, made using 3D printing, which supports the movement of the upper limbs through elastic traction. The orthosis prescription is made with the diagnosis of the occupational therapist since it is custom-ordered, and its use can be definitive or temporary.

Orthopedic Prosthesis

The orthopedic prosthesis is a device that performs motor functions similar to the amputated limb. They are artificial parts used as replacements for limbs, organs, tissues, and joints that have had to be amputated or do not function as they should. For example, dental implants, in which an artificial one replaces the natural tooth.

Types Of Prostheses

We can be:

External — Mechanical leg, dentures, breast prosthesis.

Internal — Joint prosthesis, an unconventional prosthesis for tumor replacement, artificial heart, heart valve, artificial ligament.

The materials most used to manufacture orthopedic prostheses are:

  1. Exoskeletal Prosthesis

It is made of resin, PVC, carbon fiber, or polypropylene and may or may not be hollow.

  1. Endo Skeletal Prosthesis

Well known as modular and can be made of aluminum, steel, titanium, or carbon fiber. In addition to promoting an improvement in daily activities, prostheses can also be used for aesthetic purposes. Its prescription is made with the evaluation of the physiotherapist and other professionals responsible for the patient’s treatment. It is important to remember that prostheses are used at any level of amputation, whether upper or lower limbs, while most orthoses are used to aid the upper limbs.

Therefore, prostheses can be considered everything that replaces a limb or part of the body. While orthosis supports the member and helps maintain, increase or recover the mobility of people with disabilities or physical limitations.

Comments are closed.